The EU Guidelines 89/655 specify the minimum requirements concerning safety and health while using equipment. Paragraph 2.14 lays down that “every piece of equipment must be fitted with clearly visible devices with which it can be separated from every energy source.
EN 1037 norm related to the equipment’s safety defines the measures regarding the energy isolation of machinery and the power dissipation to prevent hazardous equipment re-energising. It assures a safe and secure intervention within a risk-prone area.
European directive CEE 89/655 outlines the minimum regulations for the safety and protection of employees when servicing industrial equipment.
Décret 2010-1016 refers to the obligations of the employers for temporary or permanent electrical installations usage
Labour code (article R4215-10) refers to the identification of the conductors
Décret 2010-1018 refers to the prevention of electrical risks in work environment, décret 2010-2118 refers to the operations done on electrical installations.
Labour code (article R 4544-5): the part of the installation on which work (de-ernergised) is done must be identified and locked.
Best practice document developed by INRS (Institut National de Recherche et de Sécurité) in November 2011: ED 6109
Arrêté of April 26, 2012: Every operation on electrical equipment must follow the new norm NF C 18-510. Article 1 says that this norm is now included into the French Code of Labour.
According to the “Minimum requirements for the improvement of the safety and health of workers using work equipment” (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health), Annex 2, modification, maintenance or repair operations can only be carried out when the work equipment is shut down. The work equipment and all its moving parts must be protected against accidental start and movement.
VUV – Regulation on the Prevention of Accidents and Occupational Diseases (title 1, chapter 2, paragraph 1, art. 3; title 1, chapter 3, paragraph 2, art. 30, 31 paragraph 3, art. 37; paragraph 4, art. 43)
These regulations clearly stipulate that during maintenance, adjusting or cleaning of the equipment, it has to be in non-operative state and appropriate devices have to be used to ensure that, for example, a machine is not accidentally switched on.
The Spanish directive (REAL DECRETO 1215/1997, de 18 de julio por el que se establecen las disposiciones mínimas de seguridad y salud para la utilización por los trabajadores de los equipos de trabajo. BOE nº 188 07-08-1997) states the minimum safety and health for workers’ use of work equipment.